eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
577
591
10.22055/jacm.2018.26478.1336
13836
مقاله پژوهشی
Electro-magneto-hydrodynamics Flows of Burgers' Fluids in Cylindrical Domains with Time Exponential Memory
Abdul Rauf
abdul.rauf@aumc.edu.pk
1
Yasir Mahsud
yasir.mahsud@sms.edu.pk
2
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Air University Multan, Abdali Road, Multan, 60000, Pakistan
Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University Lahore, 68-B, New Muslim Town, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan
This paper investigates the axial unsteady flow of a generalized Burgers’ fluid with fractional constitutive equation in a circular micro-tube, in presence of a time-dependent pressure gradient and an electric field parallel to flow direction and a magnetic field perpendicular on the flow direction. The mathematical model used in this work is based on a time-nonlocal constitutive equation for shear stress with time-fractional Caputo-Fabrizio derivatives; therefore, the histories of the velocity gradient will influence the shear stress and fluid motion. Thermal transport is considered in the hypothesis that the temperature of the cylindrical surface is constant. Analytical solutions for the fractional differential momentum equation and energy equation are obtained by employing the Laplace transform with respect to the time variable <em>t</em> and the finite Hankel transform with respect to the radial coordinate <em>r</em>. It is important to note that the analytical solutions for many particular models such as, ordinary/fractional Burgers fluids, ordinary/fractional Oldryd-B fluids, ordinary/fractional Maxwell fluids and Newtonian fluids, can be obtained from the solutions for the generalized fractional Burgers' fluid by particularizing the material coefficients and fractional parameters. By using the obtained analytical solutions and the Mathcad software, we have carried out numerical calculations in order to analyze the influence of the memory parameters and magnetic parameter on the fluid velocity and temperature. Numerical results are presented in graphical illustrations. It is found that ordinary generalized Burgers’ fluids flow faster than the fractional generalized Burgers’ fluids.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_13836_e556b6c7bf8d84b8fa143a7168482864.pdf
Electro-magneto-hydrodynamic (EMHD) flow
Porous medium
Thermal-fluidic transports
Fractional model
Micro scale flow
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
592
602
10.22055/jacm.2018.26947.1364
13837
مقاله پژوهشی
Transient MHD Convective Flow of Fractional Nanofluid between Vertical Plates
Najma Ahmed
najmaahmed11@gmail.com
1
Nehad Ali Shah
nehadali199@yahoo.com
2
Bakhtiar Ahmad
bakhtiarahmad881@gmail.com
3
Syed Inayat Shah
inayat64@gmail.com
4
Sam Ulhaq
samiulhaqmaths@yahoo.com
5
Mohamad Rahimi -Gorji
mohammad.rahimigorji@ugent.be
6
Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University Lahore, Pakistan
Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University Lahore, Pakistan | Department of Mathematics, Lahore Leads University, Lahore Pakistan
Department of Mathematics, Islamia College University Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 25000, Pakistan
Department of Mathematics, Islamia College University Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 25000, Pakistan
Department of Mathematics, Islamia College University Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 25000, Pakistan
Experimental Surgery Lab, Department of Surgery, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium | Biofluid, Tissue and Solid Mechanics for Medical Applications Lab (IBiTech, bioMMeda), Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Effects of the uniform transverse magnetic field on the transient free convective flows of a nanofluid with generalized thermal transport between two vertical parallel plates have been analyzed. The fluid temperature is described by a time-fractional differential equation with Caputo derivatives. Closed form of the temperature field is obtained by using the Laplace transform and fractional derivatives of the Wright’s functions. A semi-analytical solution for the velocity field is obtained by using the Laplace transform coupled with the numerical algorithms for the inverse Laplace transform elaborated by Stehfest and Tzou. Effects of the derivative fractional order and physical parameters on the nanofluid flow and heat transfer are graphically investigated.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_13837_0344f863af54b921ee820206f1b3d005.pdf
Convection flows
Nanofluids
Caputo fractional derivative
Laplace transform
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
603
615
10.22055/jacm.2018.26668.1347
13838
مقاله پژوهشی
Residual Power Series Method for Solving Time-fractional Model of Vibration Equation of Large Membranes
Rajarama Mohan Jena
rajarama1994@gmail.com
1
S. Chakraverty
sne_chak@yahoo.com
2
National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Department of Mathematics, Odisha, Rourkela, 769008, India
National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Department of Mathematics, Odisha, Rourkela, 769008, India
The primary aim of this manuscript is to present the approximate analytical solutions of the time fractional order α (1<α≤2) Vibration Equation (VE) of large membranes with the use of an iterative technique namely Residual Power Series Method (RPSM). The fractional derivative is defined in the Caputo sense. Example problems have been solved to demonstrate the efficacy of the present method and the results obtained are verified graphically. The convergence analysis of the proposed method has also been included in this article. It is seen that the present method is found to be reliable, very effective and easy to implement for various kinds of fractional differential equations used in science and engineering.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_13838_70ed6fb779bee4d57b2d80cca3bc2ad2.pdf
Fractional vibration equation
Caputo derivative
Residual Power Series
Mittag-Leffler function
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
616
626
10.22055/jacm.2018.26785.1356
13839
مقاله پژوهشی
The Solar Air Channels: Comparative Analysis, Introduction of Arc-shaped Fins to Improve the Thermal Transfer
Younes Menni
menniyounes.cfd@gmail.com
1
Ahmed Azzi
a.ahmed.univ@gmail.com
2
Ali. J Chamkha
achamkha@yahoo.com
3
Unit of Research on Materials and Renewable Energies, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Abou Bekr Belkaid University, BP 119-13000-Tlemcen, Algeria
Unit of Research on Materials and Renewable Energies, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Abou Bekr Belkaid University, BP 119-13000-Tlemcen, Algeria | Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Abou Bekr Belkaid University, BP 230-13000-Tlemcen, Algeria
echanical Engineering Department, Prince Sultan Endowment for Energy and Environment, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar 31952, Saudi Arabia | RAK Research and Innovation Center, American University of Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates
The problem under investigation contains a computational simulation of a specific heat exchanger with complex geometry fins. The problem solved is potentially interesting for researchers and engineers working on solar collectors and aerospace industry. It is known that heat transfer enhancement can be achieved by creating longitudinal vortices in the flow. These vortices can be generated by arc-shaped fins, and a computational analysis of such solar air channels is not a simple task. Therefore, we used a present-day commercial CFD code to solve the problem. The mathematical problem including the main equations and their explanation, as well as the numerical procedure was presented. The impact of arc-fins’ spacings on streamlines and temperature distributions was completely investigated, as well as the heat transfer rate, pressure drop and thermal enhancement factor. The Nusselt number (Nu) and friction loss (f) values of the solar air channel at AR = 1.321 (aspect ratio of channel width-to-height) and S = Pi/2 are found to be around 11.963% and 26.006%; 21.645% and 40.789%; 26.196% and 50.314%; and 30.322% and 58.355% higher than that with S = 3Pi/4, Pi, 5Pi/4 and 3Pi/2, respectively. Importantly, the arc-fins with Re = 12,000 at S = Pi/2 showed higher thermal enhancement performance than the one at S = 3Pi/4, Pi, 5Pi/4 and 3Pi/2 around 2.530%, 6.576%, 6.615% and 6.762%, respectively. This study contains the information which seems to be important for practical engineers.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_13839_d8c012af8b704ecf4d77b5c20970c259.pdf
Solar air channel
Comparative analysis
Introduction of arc-shaped fins
Heat transfer enhancement
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
627
638
10.22055/jacm.2018.26729.1352
13841
مقاله پژوهشی
Modified Multi-level Residue Harmonic Balance Method for Solving Nonlinear Vibration Problem of Beam Resting on Nonlinear Elastic Foundation
Md. Saifur Rahman
msr_math_1980@yahoo.com
1
Abu Sufian Hasan
ziaruet@gmail.com
2
Ismot Ara Yeasmin
ismot.yeasmin@yahoo.com
3
Department of Mathematics, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi-6204, Bangladesh
Department of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi-6204, Bangladesh
Department of Mathematics, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi-6204, Bangladesh
Nonlinear vibration behavior of beam is an important issue of structural engineering. In this study, a mathematical modeling of a forced nonlinear vibration of Euler-Bernoulli beam resting on nonlinear elastic foundation is presented. The nonlinear vibration behavior of the beam is investigated by using a modified multi-level residue harmonic balance method. The main advantage of the method is that only one nonlinear algebraic equation is generated at each solution level. The computational time of using the new method is much less than that spent on solving the set nonlinear algebraic equations generated in the classical harmonic balance method. Besides the new method can generate higher-level nonlinear solutions neglected by previous multi-level residue harmonic balance methods. The results obtained from the proposed method compared with those obtained by a classical harmonic balance method to verify the accuracy of the method which shows good agreement between the proposed and classical harmonic balance method. Besides, the effect of various parameters such as excitation magnitude, linear and nonlinear foundation stiffness, shearing stiffness etc. on the nonlinear vibration behaviors are examined
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_13841_fc277fb49e1c23b2f454cce9c6745ef9.pdf
Harmonic balance
Nonlinear dynamics
Nonlinear foundation
Large amplitude vibration
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
639
646
10.22055/jacm.2018.26826.1361
13845
مقاله پژوهشی
Scalings of Inverse Energy Transfer and Energy Decay in 3-D Decaying Isotropic Turbulence with Non-rotating or Rotating Frame of Reference
Rou Chen
rouchen@iu.edu
1
Whitney Yu
whyu@iupui.edu
2
Yousheng Xu
113003@zust.edu.cn
3
Luoding Zhu
luozhu@iupui.edu
4
Department of Mechanical & Energy Engineering, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Department of Mechanical & Energy Engineering, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
School of Light Industry, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Energy development of decaying isotropic turbulence in a 3-D periodic cube with non-rotating or rotating frames of reference is studied through direct numerical simulation using GPU accelerated lattice Boltzmann method. The initial turbulence is isotropic, generated in spectral space with prescribed energy spectrum <em>E(κ)~κ<sup>m</sup></em> in a range between <em>κ<sub>min</sub></em> and <em>κ<sub>max</sub></em>. The Taylor microscale Reynolds number <em>Re<sub>λ</sub></em> and Rossby number <em>Ro</em> are introduced to characterize the inertial, viscous, and rotational attributes of the system. The focus of this study is on the scalings of early inverse energy transfer and late energy decay in the development of turbulent energy under various conditions through combinations of <em>m, κ<sub>min</sub>, κ<sub>max</sub>, Re<sub>λ</sub></em> and <em>Ro</em>. First, we demonstrate the validity of the simulation by confirming the quantitative dependence of the decay exponent <em>n</em> on the initial energy spectrum exponent <em>m</em>, at <em>Re<sub>λ</sub> </em>=255 and <em>Ro</em>=∞, varying the values of <em>m, κ<sub>min</sub></em> and <em>κ<sub>max</sub></em>. Second, at relatively low <em>Re<sub>λ</sub></em>, the decay exponent for different initial spectra statistically fall in respective ranges, all of which agree well with the corresponding analytical predictions. Third, we quantitatively investigate the 3-D inverse energy transfer. Our findings include (i) the exponent of inverse energy transfer spectrum <em>E(κ)~κ<sup>σ</sup></em> depends on the initial spectrum exponent <em>E(κ) ~ κ<sup>m</sup></em>: if <em>m<</em>4, <em>σ=m</em> while if <em>m≥</em>4, <em>σ</em>=4; (ii) rotation alters the inverse energy transfer rate when <em>Re<sub>λ</sub>≤</em>255 and <em>Ro≥</em>0.8; (iii) the energy increase in large scale during inverse energy transfer exhibits a bell shape, the peak of which varies with <em>Re<sub>λ</sub></em> and <em>Ro</em>.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_13845_4a1abed345a435381af1e0afb7afb238.pdf
Inverse energy transfer
Decaying isotropic turbulence
Rotational turbulence
Lattice Boltzmann method
GPU parallel computation
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
647
651
10.22055/jacm.2018.26794.1358
13878
مقاله پژوهشی
Failure Procedure in Adhesive Composite Joints under Different Types of Loading
Dara Fazel
dara_fazel@yahoo.com
1
Mohammad Hassan Kadivar
kadivar@yahoo.com
2
Hassan Zohoor
zohoor@sharif.edu
3
Mohammad Rahim Hematiyan
mo.hematiayan@gmail.com
4
Mehrdad Farid
farid@shirazu.ac.ir
5
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Mechanical Engineering Department, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
In this paper, we have used numerical simulation to study failure of adhesive joints in composite plates. To determine the failure load, adhesive joints are subjected to different types of loading and gradual failure of the joint is studied using the finite element method. The composite material failure theory is implemented into the FEM software. Also different geometries for the joint edge are considered and effect of these geometries and fillet chamfer angle on the failure load are investigated.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_13878_390d8f6bbcd67c776d2141450aaa383b.pdf
Composite
Adhesive joint
Failure
Tsai-Wu criterion
Chamfer angle
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
652
666
10.22055/jacm.2018.26787.1357
13902
مقاله پژوهشی
Impact of Magnetic Field on Convective Flow of a Micropolar Fluid with two Parallel Heat Source
K Periyadurai
kperiyadurai@gmail.com
1
Muthtamil Selvan
muthtamil1@buc.edu.in
2
Deog-Hee Doh
doh@kmou.ac.kr
3
Department of Mathematics, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai - 603 103, India
Department of Mathematics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore – 641 046, India
Division of Mechanical Engineering College of Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan - 49112, South Korea
A numerical study is performed to analysis the buoyancy convection induced by the parallel heated baffles in an inclined square cavity. The two side walls of the cavity are maintained at a constant temperature. A uniformly thin heated plate is placed at the centre of the cavity. The horizontal top and bottom walls are adiabatic. Numerical solutions of governing equations are obtained using the finite volume method coupled with the upwind and central difference technique. Numerical results of the two-dimensional flow field governed by the Navier-Stokes equations are obtained over a wide range of physical parameters, namely the Rayleigh number, the Hartmann number, the inclined angle of the magnetic parameter and the vortex viscosity parameter. It is observed from the results, the heat transfer rate is reduced when increasing Hartmann number, inclination angle and vortex viscosity parameter. The higher heat transfer rate is obtained based on the Newtonian fluid compared to the micropolar fluid.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_13902_45d83ee6f127bd7c0c50128e0ef35187.pdf
Micropolar fluids
Numerical simulation
Magnetic field
Parallel plates
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
667
679
10.22055/jacm.2019.27058.1372
14043
مقاله پژوهشی
Elastic Behavior of Functionally Graded Two Tangled Circles Chamber
Javad Jafari Fesharaki
jjafari.f@gmail.com
1
Mehran Roghani
j_jne@yahoo.com
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, 8514143131, Iran
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, 8514143131, Iran
This paper presents the numerical elastic solution for a real problem, functionally graded chamber of hydraulic gear pumps under internal pressure. Because of the similarity and complexity for the considering geometry, a bipolar cylindrical coordinate system is used to extract the governing equations. The material properties are considered to vary along the two tangled circles with a power-law function. The two coupled governing equations solved by the differential quadrature method. The results are presented for various material index and show that the complexity in considering geometry and material inhomogeneity can change the stress and displacements value through the geometry efficiently. The results and presented method in this paper for extracting and solving the problem can be used for designing similar geometry more accurate. The results of this research are compared with those reported in the previous work.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14043_ce4e00c871c87d2eebfc677a065dba77.pdf
Complex geometry
Bipolar cylindrical coordinate
Functionally graded material
Differential quadrature method
Two tangled circles chamber
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
680
695
10.22055/jacm.2019.27402.1399
14053
مقاله پژوهشی
Introduction to the Slide Modeling Method for the Efficient Solution of Heat Conduction Calculations
Mehran Vagheian
mehran.vagheian@gmail.com
1
Saeed Talebi
sa.talebi@aut.ac.ir
2
Department of Energy Engineering and Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), 424 Hafez Avenue, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
Department of Energy Engineering and Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), 424 Hafez Avenue, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
Determination of the maximum temperature and its location is the matter of the greatest importance in many technological and scientific engineering applications. In terms of numerical calculations of the heat conduction equation by using uniform mesh increments in space, large computational cost is sometimes countered. However, adaptive grid refinement method could be computationally efficient both in terms of accuracy and execution time. In this work, the numerical solution of the heat conduction equation based on the slide modeling method (SMM) is introduced. This method is based on a pre-determined mesh density approach which divides each homogeneous region into different slides and then assigns higher mesh point densities to slides of interest regarding their relative importance by performing some mathematical calculations. The importance of each region is determined by some formulated weighting factors which rely on the estimation of temperature profiles in all regions and slides. To investigate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method, a number of different case studies have been considered. The results all revealed the strength of the proposed SMM in comparison with the conventional method (based on uniform mesh point distribution)<strong>.</strong>
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14053_6926f12106fdf4a7b807fef334e3c3c4.pdf
Slide modeling method
Efficient finite volume method
Heat conduction calculations
Unstructured meshes
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
696
703
10.22055/jacm.2019.27219.1384
14070
مقاله پژوهشی
The Urban Path Routing Adjustable Optimization by Means of Wavelet Transform and Multistage Genetic Algorithm
Seid Miad Zandavi
sm.zandavi@gmail.com
1
Hamoon Pourmirzaagha
h.pourmirzaagha@yahoo.com
2
Alireza Yekrangi Sendi
yekrangi_ali@yahoo.com
3
Ershad Sadeghi Toosi
ershad.sadeghi@gmail.com
4
Mostafa Zakariapour
mzakariapour@yahoo.com
5
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, 1458889694 Tehran, Iran
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ramsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ramsar, Iran
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ramsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ramsar, Iran
Department of Physics, Neka Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neka, Iran
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ramsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ramsar, Iran
This paper introduces the optimization algorithm to improve search rate in urban path routing problems using viral infection and local search in urban environment. This algorithm operates based on two different approaches including wavelet transform and genetic algorithm. The variables proposed by driver such as degree of difficulty and difficulty traffic are of the essence in this technique. Wavelet transform as the first part of proposed algorithm derives edges risk. Finally, multistage genetic algorithm operates to find the optimal solution which is defined as the shortest path. The proposed algorithm is applied to the case study. The performances of the algorithm is investigated by comparing with other methods.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14070_db999285920dab46e169c6c7de7b1b03.pdf
Adjustment Parameter
Multistage Genetic Algorithm
Routing Optimization
Wavelet Transform
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
704
716
10.22055/jacm.2019.27242.1387
14071
مقاله پژوهشی
Evaluation of Turbulence on the Dynamics of Monopile Offshore Wind Turbine under the Wave and Wind Excitations
Reza Dezvareh
rdezvareh@nit.ac.ir
1
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Shariati Av., Babol, Mazandaran, 47148 - 71167, Iran
In recent years, the use of offshore wind turbines has been considered on the agenda of the countries which have a significant maritime boundary due to more speed and stability of wind at sea. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of wind turbulence on the aero-hydrodynamic behavior of offshore wind turbines with a monopile platform. Since in the sea, the wind turbine structures are under water and structures interactions, the dynamic analysis has been conducted under combined wind and wave loadings. The offshore wind turbines have been investigated under two models of normal and severe wind turbulence, and the results of this study show that the amplitude of fluctuation of dynamic response is increased with increasing amount of wind turbulence, and this increase is not necessarily observed in the mean values of responses. Therefore, conducting the dynamic analysis is inevitable in order to observe the effect of wind turbulence on the structures response.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14071_0d4b5e5734f6324ec20576ea646e37eb.pdf
Offshore wind turbine
Wind turbulence
Wind and wave excitations
Monopile
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
717
726
10.22055/jacm.2019.27465.1402
14076
مقاله پژوهشی
Viscous Dissipation Impact on Free Convection Flow of Cu-water Nanofluid in a Circular Enclosure with Porosity Considering Internal Heat Source
Abdul Sattar Dogonchi
sattar.dogonchi@yahoo.com
1
Ali J. Chamkha
achamkha@pmu.edu.sa
2
Seyyed Masoud Seyyedi
s.masoud_seyedi@yahoo.com
3
Mehdi Hashemi-Tilehnoee
mehdi.hashemi.t@gmail.com
4
Davood Domiri Ganji
mirgang@nt.ac.ir
5
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran
Mechanical Engineering Department, Prince Sultan Endowment for Energy and Environment, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar 31952, Saudi Arabia | RAK Research and Innovation Center, American University of Ras Al Khaimah, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran
Mechanical Engineering Department, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran
In this work, free convection of Cu-water nanofluid in an enclosure by considering internally heat generated in the porous circular cavity and the impacts of viscous dissipation are numerically evaluated by control volume finite element method (CVFEM). The outer and inner sides of the circular porous enclosure are maintained at a fixed temperature while insulating the other two walls. The impacts of diverse effective parameters including the Rayleigh number, viscous dissipation, and nanofluid concentration on features of heat transfer and fluid flow are examined. Moreover, a new correlation for the average Nusselt number is developed according to the study’s active parameters. It can be deduced by the results that the maximum value of the temperature is proportional to the viscous dissipation parameter.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14076_0ca4fe7f01fe78d757ec18c1453b2519.pdf
Free convection of nanofluid
Porous circular enclosure
Viscous dissipation
CVFEM
Nusselt number
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
727
734
10.22055/jacm.2019.27491.1408
14093
مقاله پژوهشی
Correlation between the Weld Residual Stresses and its Tensile and Impact Strength
Majid Sabokrouh
majidsabokrooh@yahoo.com
1
Mohammadreza Farahani
mrfarahani@ut.ac.ir
2
Faculty of Engineering, Mahallat Institute of Higher Education, Mahallat, 3781151958, Iran
School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, 1417614418, Iran
In this study, the tensile strength, impact strength, and the hardness of the weld are determined. A criterion is proposed for describing the effect of residual stress on the weld mechanical properties. Dimensionless parameters such as R<sub>ya </sub>(the average of residual stress over the material yield strength), R<sub>ym</sub> (the maximum residual stress over the material yield strength), R<sub>u2</sub> (the difference in the residual stress over the material ultimate strength), and R<sub>u3 </sub>(the difference ratio between the maximum and minimum of three-dimensional residual stresses over the material ultimate strength) are presented to describe the influence of residual stresses on the actual mechanical behavior of the welded pipe. Maximum R<sub>ya</sub> criterion and lowest strength are obtained at the weld gap center on the external surface of the pipe. The sharp decline in R<sub>u2</sub> criteria is consistent with the severe reduction in impact strength perpendicular to the weld gap.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14093_64fc61df5e4c7ac06e809afbdb001e53.pdf
Assembling
Residual stress
Girth welding
Mechanical properties
Dimensionless parameters
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
735
748
10.22055/jacm.2019.27225.1385
14113
مقاله پژوهشی
Estimating the Mode Shapes of a Bridge Using Short Time Transmissibility Measurement from a Passing Vehicle
Seyed Maziar Marashi
maziar.marashi@stu.nit.ac.ir
1
Mohammad Hadi Pashaei
mpashaei@nit.ac.ir
2
Mohammad Mahdi Khatibi
mmkhatibi@semnan.ac.ir
3
PhD Student, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Babol University of Technology Shariati Av., Babol, 47148-71167, Iran
Associate Professor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Babol University of Technology, Shariati Av., Babol, 47148-71167, Iran
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Central Administration of Semnan University, Campus 1, Semnan, 35131-19111, Iran
This paper reports on the analysis of the signals sent by accelerometers fixed on the axles of a vehicle which passes over a bridge. The length of the bridge is divided into some parts and the transmissibility measurement is applied to the signals recorded by two following instrumented axles. As the transmissibility procedure is performed on the divided signals, the method is called Short Time Transmissibility Measurement. Afterwards, a rescaling process is accomplished in order to estimate the bridge mode shapes. The numerical results indicate that the method can calculate the mode shapes of the bridge accurately. It is demonstrated that short time transmissibility method does not depend on the excitation characteristics contrary to the other related methods which assume that the excitation should be white noise. Generally, the bridge mode shapes may be invisible due to the excitation exerted by the road profile. This issue is also resolved by subtracting the signals from the successive axles. Finally, the signals are contaminated with noise and the robustness of the method is investigated.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14113_c6b5b210b14f0b1bc03959c73cb611f8.pdf
Transmissibility Measurement
Vehicle Bridge Interaction (VBI)
Passing vehicle
Bridge mode shapes
Road profile
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
749
762
10.22055/jacm.2019.27528.1414
14114
مقاله پژوهشی
Numerical Modeling and Multi Objective Optimization of Face Milling of AISI 304 Steel
K. Krishnaprasad
kpk1110@gmail.com
1
C.S. Sumesh
cs_sumesh@cb.amrita.edu
2
A. Ramesh
r_ajith@cb.amrita.edu
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita school of Engineering, Coimbatore, Amrtia Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita school of Engineering, Coimbatore, Amrtia Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita school of Engineering, Coimbatore, Amrtia Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India
There is a requirement to find accurate parameters to accomplish precise dimensional accuracy, excellent surface integrity and maximum MRR. This work studies the influence of various cutting parameters on output parameters like Cutting force, Surface roughness, Flatness, and Material removal rate while face milling. A detailed finite element model was developed to simulate the face milling process. The material constitutive behavior is described by Johnson-Cook material model and the damage criteria is established by Johnson-Cook damage model. The result indicate significant effects of all three cutting parameters on MRR and both feed rate and depth of cut have significant effect on cutting force. Also, feed rate has significant effect on PEEQ and none of the parameters have effect on flatness.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14114_5353af78d08c5a743dda48d341900509.pdf
Face Milling
AISI 304 Steel
Surface Roughness
Flatness
Material Removal Rate
Response Surface Methodology
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
763
778
10.22055/jacm.2019.27500.1409
14115
مقاله پژوهشی
Study of MHD Second Grade Flow through a Porous Microchannel under the Dual-Phase-Lag Heat and Mass Transfer Model
Subharthi Sarkar
sarkar.ism@gmail.com
1
Mehari Fentahun Endalew
mehexf@gmail.com
2
Oluwole Daniel Makinde
makinded@gmail.com
3
Department of Mathematics, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology deemed to be University (KIIT), Bhubaneswar-751024, Odisha, India
Department of Mathematics, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology deemed to be University (KIIT), Bhubaneswar-751024, Odisha, India
Faculty of Military Science, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X2, Saldanha 7395,South Africa
A semi-analytical investigation has been carried out to analyze unsteady MHD second-grade flow under the Dual-Phase-Lag (DPL) heat and mass transfer model in a vertical microchannel filled with porous material. Diffusion thermo (Dufour) effects and homogenous chemical reaction are considered as well. The governing partial differential equations are solved by using the Laplace transform method while its inversion is done numerically using INVLAP subroutine of MATLAB. The numerical values of fluid velocity, fluid temperature and species concentration are demonstrated through graphs while the numerical values of skin friction, heat transfer rate and mass transfer rate presented in tabular form for different values of parameters that govern the flow. For the first time, a comparison of heat transfer utilizing the classical Fourier’s heat conduction model, hyperbolic heat conduction Cattaneo-Vernotte (CV) model, and the DPL model is carried out for the flow of a second grade fluid. It is found that the differences between them vanish at dimensionless time <em>t</em>=0.4 (for temperature) and at <em>t</em>=0.5 (for velocity), i.e. at a time where the system reaches steady state. The influence of phase lag parameters in both thermal and solutal transport on the fluid flow characteristics have been deciphered and analyzed. The results conveyed through this article would help researchers to understand non-Fourier heat and mass transfer in the flow of second-grade fluids which may play a vital role in the design of systems in polymer industries.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14115_d87196fc822e9a2f4534466622c69fb0.pdf
Dual-phase-lag
Double diffusion
Porous Microchannel
MHD second grade flow
Chemical reaction
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
779
790
10.22055/jacm.2019.27524.1412
14128
مقاله پژوهشی
Transient Electro-osmotic Slip Flow of an Oldroyd-B Fluid with Time-fractional Caputo-Fabrizio Derivative
Nehad Ali Shah
nehadali199@yahoo.com
1
Xiaoping Wang
nehadali199@sms.edu.pk
2
Haitao Qi
htqi@sdu.edu.cn
3
Shaowei Wang
shaoweiwang@sdu.edu.cn
4
Ahmad Hajizadeh
as.zada@paaet.edu.kw
5
Department of Mathematics, Lahore Leads University, Lahore Pakistan | Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan
School of Mathematics and Statistics, Shandong University, Weihai, 264209, PR China
School of Mathematics and Statistics, Shandong University, Weihai, 264209, PR China
School of Civil Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, 250061, PR China
FAST, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor State, Malaysia | Public Authority of Applied Education and Training, College of Technological Studies, Applied Science Department, Shuwaikh, Kuwait
In this article, the electro-osmotic flow of Oldroyd-B fluid in a circular micro-channel with slip boundary condition is considered. The corresponding fractional system is represented by using a newly defined time-fractional Caputo-Fabrizio derivative without singular kernel. Closed form solutions for the velocity field are acquired by means of Laplace and finite Hankel transforms. Additionally, Stehfest’s algorithm is used for inverse Laplace transform. The solutions for fractional Maxwell, ordinary Maxwell and ordinary Newtonian fluids are obtained as limiting cases of the obtained solution. Finally, the influence of fractional and some important physical parameters on the fluid flow are spotlighted graphically.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14128_a4303133faf77b0887f65bb6e669f935.pdf
Electro-osmotic flow
Slip boundary condition
Oldroyd-B fluid
Time-fractional Caputo-Fabrizio derivative
Stehfest’s algorithm
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
791
803
10.22055/jacm.2019.28147.1456
14142
مقاله پژوهشی
Chemical Reaction Effects on Bio-Convection Nanofluid flow between two Parallel Plates in Rotating System with Variable Viscosity: A Numerical Study
Nainaru Tarakaramu
nainaru143@gmail.com
1
P.V. Satya Narayana
pvsatya8@yahoo.co.in
2
Department of Mathematics, SAS, VIT, Vellore-632014, T.N, India
Department of Mathematics, SAS, VIT, Vellore-632014, T.N, India
In the present work, a mathematical model is developed and analyzed to study the influence of nanoparticle concentration through Brownian motion and thermophoresis diffusion. The governing system of PDEs is transformed into a coupled non-linear ODEs by using suitable variables. The converted equations are then solved by using robust shooting method with the help of MATLAB (bvp4c). The impacts of dynamic parameters on the flow, energy and concentration are discussed graphically. It is noticed that the mass transfer rate in case of regular fluid is lower than that of nanofluid and the axial velocity converges to the boundary very fast in case of temperature dependent viscosity case than the regular viscous case.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14142_a2f1fa74180e2d6960b50a780bee281c.pdf
Bio-convection
Magnetohydrodynamic
Thermal radiation
Chemical reaction
Variable viscosity
Nanofluid
eng
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
2383-4536
2383-4536
2019-06-01
5
4
804
815
10.22055/jacm.2019.28052.1453
14141
مقاله پژوهشی
Perturbation-Iteration Algorithm for Solving Heat and Mass Transfer in the Unsteady Squeezing Flow between Parallel Plates
Abdul-Sattar Al-Saif
sattaralsaif@yahoo.com
1
Assma Harfash
assmaj1974@yahoo.com
2
Department of Mathematics, College of Education for Pure Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
Department of Mathematics, College of Education for Pure Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
In this paper, heat and mass transfer in the unsteady squeezing flow between parallel plates is analyzed using a perturbation-iteration algorithm. The similarity transformation is used to transform the governing partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations, before being solved. The solutions of the velocity, temperature and concentration are derived and sketched to explain the influence of various physical parameters. The convergence of these solutions is also discussed. The numerical results of skin friction coefficient, Nusselt number and Sherwood number are compared with previous works. The results show that the method which has been used, in this paper, gives convergent solutions with good accuracy.
http://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14141_729d7a3d0faf2c61970d4577653cefe4.pdf
heat transfer
Mass transfer
Unsteady squeezing flow
Perturbation-iteration algorithm