Optimizing Hydro Power Turbines in Order to Secure the Passage of Fishes in Khuzestan province

Document Type: Technical Brief


1 Master of Science at Mechanical Engineering, Khuzestan Water & Power Authority, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Master of Science at Mechanical Engineering, Turbine Machine M.E. Company, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Master of Science at Mechanical Engineering, National Iranian Gas Company, Boshehr, Iran


Nowadays, it is important to consider environmental issues, as ecological problems and their severe effects are intensifying in Iran, particularly in Khuzestan province. The environmental effects of hydroelectric plants are highly regarded due to their significant impact on an extensive area. Lack of safe path for fish passing through the turbines is one of these damages. In order to deal with these challenges, researchers are trying to optimize hydro power turbines. In this optimization, old runners were replaced. Meanwhile, conditions of fish passing through the turbines and fish survival have been improved. Considering the existence of six hydroelectric power plants in Khuzestan province, it would be possible to conduct optimization or constructing studies with a fish-friendly approach for the safe passage of fishes to slightly reduce the extent of environmental damages.


Main Subjects

[1] Mohammadi M., Mohammadi M.R., “Investigation of Hydro Power Turbine and Bring Forward Solutions for Reducing Environmental Damage”, (Review Paper), Journal of Iranian Society of Mechanical Engineering (ISME), Vol. 20, No. 79, 2011.

[2] Odeh M., “A Summary of Environmentally Friendly Turbine Design Concepts”, U.S. Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office, 1999.

[3] Glenn F. Cada, “The Development of Advanced Hydroelectric Turbines to Improve Fish Passage Survival”, Fisheries, Vol. 26, pp 14-23, 1999.

[4] Perkins N., Dixon D.A., Dham R., Foust J., “Development Status of the Alden Fish-Friendly Turbine”, http://www.hydroworld.com/articles/hr/print/volume-32/issue-2/articles/development-status-of-the-alden--fish-friend d ly--turbine.html, 2013.

[5] Wessof E., “Hydropower and Innovation in Fish-Friendly Turbines”, http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/ read/hydropower-and-innovation-in-fish-friendly-turbines, 2010.

[7] “Alden Turbine Development: Overview of Preliminary Engineering”, Voith Hydro Inc., November 16th, 2010.

[8] Loiseau F., Davison R.A., Coutston M., Sabourin M., “Fish Environment & New Turbines Design”, 23rd IAHR Symposium – Yokohama, 2006.

[9] Sale M.J., Cada G. F., Rinehart B. N., Sommers G. L., Brookshier P. A. and Flynm J. V., “Status of The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Hydropower Turbine Systems Program”, U.S. Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office, 2001.

[10] Gooch E., “Virtual Fish Help Voith Hydro Make Green Power Source Greener”, International Journal on Hydropower & Dams, Issue of Civil Engineering, 2001.

[11] “Advanced Hydropower”, U.S. Climate Change Technology Program- Technology Options for the Near and Long Term, pp.23-24, 2005.

[12] Cada G., Carlson T.J, Dauble D.D, Haunt R.T, Sale M.J, Sommers G.L, “DOE Hydropower Program Annual Report for FY 2003”, U.S. Department of Energy, 2004.

[13] Richmond M.C., Serkowski J.A., Ebner L.L., Sick M., Brown R.S., Carlson T.J., “Quantifying Barotraumas Risk to Juvenile Fish during Hydro-Turbine Passage”, Fisheries Research, Vol. 154, pp 152-164, 2014.

[15] Dixon D., Murtha B., Perkins N., “ Better Turbines- for The Economy and Fish Alike”, Workshop on Rehabilitation of Hydropower, October 12th and 13th, 2011.

[16] Asprusten B., Schuh A., “Enhancing Fish Passage Through Turbine Design”, Voith Hydro, Gardermoen-Norway, 2014

[17] “Revolutionary new fish-friendly turbine making a splash in hydropower”, http://www.pennenergy.Com /articles/pennenergy/2011/10/revolutionary-new.html, 2011.

[18] Dixon D.A, “Re-Inventing the Wheel: The Continuing Story of the Alden Turbine Development”, National Conference on Engineering and Ecohydrology for Fish Passage, June 5-7, 2012.