Investigation the effects of injection pressure and compressibility and nozzle entry in diesel injector nozzle’s flow

Document Type: Research Paper


Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU) Lavizan, Tehran, Iran


Investigating nozzle’s orifice flow is challenging both experimentally and theoretically. This paper focuses on simulating flow inside diesel injector nozzle via Ansys fluent v15. Validation is performed with experimental results from Winkhofler et al (2001). Several important parameters such as mass flow rate, velocity profiles and pressure profiles are used for this validation. Results include the effects of contraction inside nozzle’s orifice, effect of compressibility; effect of injection pressures and several orifice entries are also simulated in this study. To consider the effect of compressibility, a user defined function used in this simulation. The Cavitation model which is used in this simulation is Singhal et al. (2002) cavitation model. Presto discretization method is used for Pressure equation and second upwind discretization method is used for Momentum equation. Converging Singhal et al. cavitation model is very challenging and it needs several efforts and simulations.


Main Subjects

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