Correlation between the Weld Residual Stresses and its Tensile and Impact Strength

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Faculty of Engineering, Mahallat Institute of Higher Education, Mahallat, 3781151958, Iran

2 School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, 1417614418, Iran

Abstract

In this study, the tensile strength, impact strength, and the hardness of the weld are determined. A criterion is proposed for describing the effect of residual stress on the weld mechanical properties. Dimensionless parameters such as Rya (the average of residual stress over the material yield strength), Rym (the maximum residual stress over the material yield strength), Ru2 (the difference in the residual stress over the material ultimate strength), and Ru3 (the difference ratio between the maximum and minimum of three-dimensional residual stresses over the material ultimate strength) are presented to describe the influence of residual stresses on the actual mechanical behavior of the welded pipe. Maximum Rya criterion and lowest strength are obtained at the weld gap center on the external surface of the pipe. The sharp decline in Ru2 criteria is consistent with the severe reduction in impact strength perpendicular to the weld gap.

Keywords

Main Subjects

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