Shahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Thermal Buckling Analysis of Circular Bilayer Graphene Sheets Resting on an Elastic Matrix Based on Nonlocal Continuum Mechanics186218771489610.22055/jacm.2019.31299.1859ENM.Ahmad PourDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran0000-0001-9521-2433M.E.GolmakaniDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran0000-0002-0080-7168M.MalikanDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, IranDepartment of Mechanics of Materials and Structures, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland0000-0001-7356-2168Journal Article20191004In this article, the thermal buckling behavior of orthotropic circular bilayer graphene sheets embedded in the Winkler–Pasternak elastic medium is scrutinized. Using the nonlocal elasticity theory, the bilayer graphene sheets are modeled as a nonlocal double–layered plate that contains small scale effects and van der Waals (vdW) interaction forces. The vdW interaction forces between the layers are simulated as a set of linear springs using the Lennard–Jones potential model. Using the principle of virtual work, the set of equilibrium equations are obtained based on the first-order shear deformation theory (FSDT) and nonlocal differential constitutive relation of Eringen. Differential quadrature method (DQM) is employed to solve the governing equations for simply-supported and clamped boundary conditions. Finally, the effects of the small scale parameter, vdW forces, aspect ratio, elastic foundation, and boundary conditions are considered in detail.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14896_d9a9c12442c27c58138771739b8d013c.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Size-dependent Nonlinear Forced Vibration Analysis of Viscoelastic/Piezoelectric Nano-beam187818911526910.22055/jacm.2020.32044.1958ENZahraTadi BeniDepartment of Textile Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, 8415683111, Iran0000-0003-4118-0872S.A.Hosseini RavandiDepartment of Textile Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, 8415683111, IranResearch Institute for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran0000-0003-1015-1323YaghoubTadi BeniDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shahrekourd University, Shahrekourd, IranNanotechnology Research Center, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, 8818634141, Iran0000-0002-1645-6403Journal Article20191225In this paper, the nonlinear forced vibration of isotropic viscoelastic/ piezoelectric Euler-Bernoulli nano-beam is investigated. For this purpose, the consistent couple stress theory is utilized for modeling the viscoelastic/piezoelectric nano-beam. Hamilton’s principle is also employed to obtain the governing equations of motion. Further, the Galerkin method is used in order to convert the governing partial differential equations to a nonlinear second-order ordinary differential one, and then multiple scale method is used to solve motion equation.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15269_1a66de3534c07dc87ace37a2369c5709.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Effects of Inclined Magnetic Field and Porous Medium on Peristaltic Flow of a Bingham Fluid with Heat Transfer189219061500710.22055/jacm.2019.31060.1822ENB.B.DivyaDepartment of Mathematics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, 576104, India0000-0001-9895-0634G.ManjunathaDepartment of Mathematics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, 576104, India0000-0001-5347-753XC.RajashekharBhaskaracharya Study Chair, Karnataka State Akkamahadevi Women's University, Vijayapura, Karnataka, 586108, India0000-0001-8950-7104H.VaidyaDepartment of Mathematics, Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya University, Ballari, Karnataka, 583105, India0000-0001-5343-8039K.V.PrasadDepartment of Mathematics, Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya University, Ballari, Karnataka, 583105, India0000-0001-6737-1162Journal Article20190913The current paper aims to explain the peristaltic mechanism of a Bingham fluid with varying viscosity. The fluid is considered to flow within a porous medium and subjected to a magnetic field with significant inclination. Heat transfer characteristics are studied with convective conditions and variable thermal conductivity. The solution is obtained by the perturbation technique, where small values of variable liquid properties are utilized. The graphs plotted indicate that variation in viscosity as well as thermal conductivity actively contribute to reduce the pressure gradient. Further, for a higher radius of the plug flow region, a higher pressure rise occurs. The magnetic parameter and Grashof number influence the trapping phenomenon by reducing the dimensions of the bolus.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15007_a3b98ce617cc5ac239cbdedc66411bf9.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Nanostructure, Molecular Dynamics Simulation and Mechanical Performance of PCL Membranes Reinforced with Antibacterial Nanoparticles190719151546610.22055/jacm.2020.32902.2097ENAshkanFarazinDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr/Isfahan, Iran0000-0003-4371-2799FarshidAghadavoudiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr/Isfahan, Iran0000-0002-9805-3770MehdiMotififardDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan0000-0003-2597-3063SaeedSaber-SamandariNew Technology Research Center, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran0000-0003-1975-7436AmirsalarKhandanNew Technology Research Center, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran0000-0001-8878-5233Journal Article20200310Recently, the application of porous bio-nanocomposites has been considered by many researchers for orthopedic application. Since experimental tests for obtaining the mechanical and physical properties of these nanostructured biomaterials are very expensive and time-consuming, it is highly recommended to model and simulate these bio-nanoscale materials to predict their mechanical and physical properties. In this study, three-phase porous bio-nanocomposite membranes were fabricated with Titanium oxide (TiO<sub>2</sub>), Hydroxyapatite (HA) and Polycaprolactone (PCL) polymer. HA and TiO<sub>2</sub> are both biocompatible and biodegradable. The samples were fabricated with various amounts of titanium oxide and the materials characterization has been performed on selected sample. The molecular dynamics technique (MD) have been used to predict the mechanical performance of the nanocomposite models. The MD simulations were performed for single phase material and the developed for two phases equivalent components as a new approach in using MD simulation results. The results indicated the close relationship between the experimental data and simulation values for the selected sample. Moreover, phase and morphology of these nanostructures have been investigated using SEM results. Therefore, based on the proposed approach, MD simulation can be applicable for predicting the properties of porous bio-nanocomposite membrane.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15466_09eb251663ada07260ae9c60f4cfa06c.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Numerical Solution of Time Fractional Cable Equation via the Sinc-Bernoulli Collocation Method191619241531810.22055/jacm.2020.31923.1940ENNasrinMoshtaghiDepartment of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan 87317-53153, Iran0000-0002-3802-7546AbbasSaadatmandiDepartment of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan 87317-53153, Iran0000-0002-7744-7770Journal Article20191213An important equation usually used in modeling neuronal dynamics is cable equation. In this work, a numerical method for the fractional cable equation which involves two Riemann-Liouville fractional derivatives is proposed. Our computational technique is based on collocation idea where a combination of Bernoulli polynomials and Sinc functions are used to approximate the solution to this problem. The constructed approximation by our method convert the fractional cable equation into a set of algebraic equations. Also, we provide two numerical examples to confirm the accuracy and effectiveness of the present method.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15318_34b03fdbad5545b18d79d846f7cb6fe1.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001A Note on the Hydromagnetic Blasius Flow with Variable Thermal Conductivity192519301546710.22055/jacm.2020.32638.2051ENO.D.MakindeFaculty of Military Science, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X2, Saldanha 7395, South Africa0000-0002-3991-4948S.O.AdesanyaDepartment of Mathematical Sciences, Redeemer's University, Ede, NigeriaEnvironmental Hydrodynamics Unit, African Center of Excellence for Water and Environment Research (ACEWATER), Redeemer's University, Ede, NigeriaM.FerdowsResearch Group of Fluid Flow Modeling and Simulation, Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-000, BangladeshJournal Article20200216In this paper, the influence of the transverse magnetic field is unraveled on the development of steady flow regime for an incompressible fluid in the boundary layer limit of a semi-infinite vertical plate. The sensitivity of real fluids to changes in temperature suggests a variable thermal conductivity modeling approach. Using appropriate similarity variables, solutions to the governing nonlinear partial differential equations are obtained by numerical integration. The approach used here is based on using the shooting method together with the Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg integration scheme. Representative velocity and temperature profiles are presented at various values of the governing parameters. The skin-friction coefficient and the rate of heat transfer are also calculated for different parameter values. Pertinent results are displayed graphically and discussed. It is found that the heat transfer rate improves with an upsurge in a magnetic field but lessens with an elevation in the fluid thermal conductivity.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15467_a0ac3433a786c748f9dfddc07f08860d.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Thermal-Aerodynamic Performance Measurement of Air Heat Transfer Fluid Mechanics over S-shaped Fins in Shell-and-tube Heat Exchangers193119431548510.22055/jacm.2020.32107.1970ENAli J.ChamkhaFaculty of Engineering, Kuwait College of Science and Technology, Doha, Kuwait0000-0002-8335-3121YounesMenniUnit of Research on Materials and Renewable Energies, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Abou Bekr Belkaid University, BP 119-13000-Tlemcen, AlgeriaUniversity, B.P. 119, 13000, Tlemcen, Algeria0000-0003-1475-3743HouariAmeurDepartment of Technology, University Center of Naama, Po. Box 66, Naama 45000, Algeria0000-0003-2087-7574Journal Article20191230Forced-convection heat transfer of pure air-fluid inside an open channel as a section of a shell-and-tube heat exchanger is evaluated numerically. S-shaped obstacles are used in the mentioned channel. Airflow inside the channel is considered as a turbulence flow. Governing equations are solved throughout the computational Finite Volume Method (FVM). These equations are analyzed using the standard <em>k-</em><em>ε</em> model. The results are designed based on the geometry of S-shaped obstacles. Mentioned results are shown in the form of turbulent kinetic energy (<em>k</em>), turbulent intensity (<em>TI</em>), turbulent viscosity (<em>μ<sub>t</sub></em>), temperature (<em>T</em>), Nusselt numbers (<em>Nu<sub>x</sub> </em>local, and <em>Nu </em>average), friction coefficients (<em>Cf</em> local, and <em>f </em>average), and the thermal aerodynamic performance factor (<em>TEF</em>), for a Reynolds number (<em>Re</em>) of 12,000 to 32,000. This type of analysis is very useful in many industries and engineering-related problems for getting a good idea about the physical model whenever the analytic solution is out of reach.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15485_019222a11fcf897e026b8a8b24c6819a.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Effect of Inlet Air Locations on Particle Concentration using Large Eddy Simulation based on Multi Relaxation Time Lattice Boltzmann Method194419551551510.22055/jacm.2020.33222.2180ENHasanSajjadiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, 9453155111, IranCenter for International Scientific Studies and Collaboration, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Tehran, Iran0000-0002-0681-7682GoodarzAhmadiDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, USA0000-0001-5277-7960AminAmiri DeloueiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, 9453155111, IranCenter for International Scientific Studies and Collaboration, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Tehran, Iran0000-0001-7414-4195Journal Article20200410In this work, turbulent indoor airflow was considered by Large Eddy Simulation (LES) based on Multi Relaxation Time Lattice Boltzmann Method (MRT-LBM). The Lagrangian approach was utilized to investigate the effect of inlet air location on transport and concentration of different sizes of particles (1-10 µm) in a modeled room. Simulation results showed that for the displacement ventilation system with the inlet air register on the floor, the number of 10µm particles that exit through the outlet is more than the case for the mixing ventilation system with the inlet register on the ceiling. Also, for the latter case, when the inlet air is on the ceiling, the number of suspended 10µm particles in the room is less than for the displacement ventilation system with inlet register on the floor. In addition, the results showed that the location of the inlet air register does not have a considerable effect on the small 1µm particle motion, and the numbers of the particles that remain suspended in the room are roughly the same for both ventilation systems.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15515_8c8103b51a212e72b8d168c77d5d0906.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Thermodynamic and Environmental Assessment of Mounting Fin at the Back Surface of Photovoltaic Panels195619631552410.22055/jacm.2020.32529.2076ENAmir HosseinShiraviDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Jundi-Shapur University of Technology, Dezful, Iran0000-0002-4862-0319MohammadFiroozzadehDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Jundi-Shapur University of Technology, Dezful, Iran0000-0001-7069-8879Journal Article20200228Nowadays, researches on different kinds of renewable energies including photovoltaic technology are developing rapidly. It is proved that the output power of a PV cell is reduced by increasing the temperature. In this paper, mounting aluminum fins at the back surface of the PV module is proposed as a simple and low-cost method to decrease the PV cell temperature. It was found that using aluminum fins caused more than 7°C reduction in the cell temperature. Besides, it was shown that the entropy generation of the PV module with fin, was 3.5% lower than the conventional one. Also, the positive environmental impacts of using fins at the back surface of the PV module were estimated by RETScreen software, so that it, leads to enhance the performance of the PV power plant by more than 25 %, from an environmental viewpoint.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15524_98adb97ded4e940e6f02d900f31a60c8.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Effect of Throughflow on the Convective Instabilities in an Anisotropic Porous Medium Layer with Inconstant Gravity196419721551410.22055/jacm.2020.32381.2006ENDhananjayYadavDepartment of Mathematical & Physical Sciences, University of Nizwa, Nizwa, P.O. Box 33, PC 616, Sultanate of Oman0000-0001-8404-2053A. M.MohamadDepartment of Mathematical & Physical Sciences, University of Nizwa, Nizwa, P.O. Box 33, PC 616, Sultanate of Oman0000-0002-3568-1753G. C.RanaDepartment of Mathematics, NSCBM Govt. College, Hamirpur-177 005, Himachal Pradesh, India0000-0003-2724-8308Journal Article20200125The significance of inconstant gravity force and uniform throughflow on the start of convective movement in an anisotropic porous matrix is investigated numerically utilizing large-term Galerkin procedure. The porous layer is acted to uniform upright throughflow and inconstant downward gravitational force which changes with the height from the layer. In this study, two types of gravity field digression were examined: (a) linear and (b) parabolic. It is found that the throughflow parameter Pe, the thermal anisotropy parameter η and gravity deviation parameter λ postpone the beginning of convective activity, whereas the mechanical anisotropy parameter ξ rapids the onset of convective activity. The dimension of the convection cells enhances on enhancing the thermal anisotropy parameter η, the mechanical anisotropy parameter ξ and gravity deviation parameter λ while, the throughflow parameter Pe decreases the extent of the convective cells. It is also noted that the structure with linear variation of gravity force is more stable.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15514_098fa34de6f69ac8c14605c585216c83.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Magneto-bio-thermal Convection in Rotating Nanoliquid containing Gyrotactic Microorganism197319861567610.22055/jacm.2020.33456.2228ENMeenakshiKhuranaDepartment of Mathematics, The NorthCap University, Sector 23A, Gurugram, Haryana 122017, India0000-0003-0461-0108PuneetRanaSchool of Mathematical Sciences, College of Science and Technology, Wenzhou Kean University, Wenzhou 325060, ChinaDepartment of Mathematics, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, A-10, Sector 62, Noida 201309, India0000-0002-9850-763XSangeetSrivastavaDepartment of Mathematics, The NorthCap University, Sector 23A, Gurugram, Haryana 122017, IndiaSanjayYadavDepartment of Mathematics, The NorthCap University, Sector 23A, Gurugram, Haryana 122017, IndiaJournal Article20200502The magneto-convection influenced by a gyrotactic behavior of algal suspensions along with rotation in the nanoliquid layer is investigated. Linear theory based on normal mode analysis is used to find out the inquisitive results of the problem for rigid-free and rigid-rigid boundaries. Both Galerkin-method (Number of terms (N) > 6) and shooting method (by taking forcing condition) are utilized to find the critical value of the Rayleigh number (both thermal and bio) in case of non-oscillatory stability. Both thermal and bio Rayleigh numbers are dependent on each other, thus advance or delay the convection. Rotation and magnetic field slow down the convective motion of microorganisms across the layer and destabilizes the system.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15676_feffb1cb9f43a5f63d3fa418b704fdcd.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Rotating Cylinder Turbulator Effect on the Heat Transfer of a Nanofluid Flow in a Wavy Divergent Channel198719981573210.22055/jacm.2020.34587.2440ENM.HatamiInternational Research Center for Renewable Energy, State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China0000-0001-5657-6445LijunSunInternational Research Center for Renewable Energy, State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China0000-0003-2974-8912DengweiJingInternational Research Center for Renewable Energy, State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China0000-0001-6062-9239H.GünerhanDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey0000-0002-8543-657XPeri K.KameswaranDepartment of Mathematics, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore 632 014, Tamilnadu, India0000-0002-6357-7048Journal Article20200808In this research study, the numerical Galerkin Finite Element Method (GFEM) is used for forced laminar convection heat transfer of Cu-water nanofluid in a divergent wavy channel including a rotating cylinder turbulator. The above boundary of the channel is in low temperatures and the bottom boundary is in hot temperatures as well as the cylinder wall temperature. It is assumed that the cylinder rotates in the cavity and makes vortexes to enhance heat transfers. The dimensionless governing equations including velocity, pressure, and temperature formulation are solved by the Galerkin finite element method. The results are discussed based on the governing factors such as nanoparticle volume fraction, Reynolds number, cylinder diameter and rotating velocity. As a main result, among the all studied parameters (Re, u, Φ and r), increasing the Re number has the most effect on heat transfer which has 4.8 and 1.6 Average Nu for the cylinder wall and wavy wall, respectively.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15732_320f24860a35a157b3973703ef32e545.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Influence of Thermophysical Features on MHD Squeezed Flow of Dissipative Casson Fluid with Chemical and Radiative Effects199920091603310.22055/jacm.2020.34909.2508ENMojeed T.AkoladeDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of physical sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria0000-0002-6876-7203Taofeeq A.AdeosunDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of physical sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria0000-0001-5556-9593John O.OlabodeDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of physical sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria0000-0002-7858-3088Journal Article20200906Theoretical investigation of variable mass diffusivity, thermal conductivity, and viscosity on unsteady squeezed flow of dissipative Casson fluid is presented. Physically, for any effective heat and mass transfer process, a proper account of thermophysical properties in such a system is required to attain the desired production output. The magnetized free convective flow of unsteady Casson fluid encompassing Joule dissipation, radiation, and chemical reactive influence is induced as a result of squeezing property. The governing model assisting the magnetized flow is formulated and transformed via an appropriate similarity transformation. The resulting set of ordinary differential equations is solved numerically using Chebyshev based Collocation Approach (CCA). However, variable viscosity, thermal conductivity, and mass diffusivity effects are seen to diminish the fluid flow velocities, temperature, and concentration respectively along with the lower plate. Heat and mass transfer coefficient, skin friction downsized to an increasing value of variable thermal and mass diffusivity parameters while variable viscosity pronounces the skin friction coefficient. Furthermore, the present analysis is applicable in polymer processing, such as injection molding, extrusion, thermoforming among others.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16033_3410af5246abeb9f3da830e0db158f06.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Turbulent Forced Convection and Entropy Generation of Impinging Jets of Water-Al2O3 Nanofluid on Heated Blocks201020231605110.22055/jacm.2020.35216.2599ENBouzianeBoudraaLEAP Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mentouri Brothers -Constantine 1, Route de Ain El Bey, Constantine,2500, Algeria0000-0003-3689-4459RachidBessaїhLEAP Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mentouri Brothers -Constantine 1, Route de Ain El Bey, Constantine,2500, Algeria0000-0002-0764-7731Journal Article20200929A computational analysis on water-Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> nanofluid turbulent forced convection is performed to analyze heat transfer and entropy production in a channel containing heated blocks, cooled by impinging jets. The two phase mixture model (TPMM) is used. The increase in the Reynolds number (Re) and the volume fraction of nanoparticles (φ), the decrease in spacing between the heated block (Db) and moving the location of the second jet (J2) to the first jet (J1) contribute to increasing the heat transfer rate (HTR).In addition, the TPMM gives higher values of average Nusselt number (Nu) ̅ than the single-phase model (SPM). The thermal (𝑆𝑔̇ ,𝑡ℎ), frictional (𝑆𝑔̇ ,𝜈) and total (𝑆𝑔̇ ,𝑡) entropy generation values increase with Re and φ. When Db is reduced, 𝑆𝑔̇,𝑡 increases. However, 𝑆𝑔̇ ,𝑡 increases when the jet position vary from J2 to J1. Different correlations are proposed for Nu ̅. Our results are compared with data available in the literature.<span style="font-size: 8.0pt;"><br /></span>https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16051_4c8c9ea406211990f900c1ff828c149b.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Magnetohydrodynamic Bio-convective Casson Nanofluid Flow: A Numerical Simulation by Paired Quasilinearisation202420391527310.22055/jacm.2020.31205.1839ENMd.S.AnsariDepartment of Mathematics, School of Technology, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, India0000-0002-9277-0904O.OtegbeyeSchool of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa0000-0003-1321-9776M.TrivediDepartment of Mathematics, School of Technology, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, India0000-0003-2575-4004S.P.GoqoSchool of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa0000-0003-1383-068XJournal Article20190926A study on the effects of gyrotactic microorganism and nanoparticles in the bio-convection magnetohydrodynamic flow of Casson fluid at the nonlinear stretching boundary is investigated. Irregular heat source/sink, Joule and viscous dissipations, Brownian motion, and thermophoresis are included in the energy equation. The model outlining the flow system is non-dimensionalised and retained in the same form. The equations are worked out by pairing, i.e. first pair momentum and gyrotactic micro-organism density equation and second pair energy and nanoparticle concentration equation. This technique is termed as a paired quasilinearisation method (PQLM). Convergence and accuracy of PQLM are shown. Obtained numerical results are depicted in graphs in order to observe further insight into the flow pattern. Interesting aspects of various controlling parameters in flow, heat, nanoparticle concentration and microorganism density are discussed.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15273_e1c0ca09a403ad87180131aa3ccfa7f8.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001MHD Casson Nanofluid Past a Stretching Sheet with the Effects of Viscous Dissipation, Chemical Reaction and Heat Source/Sink204020481480410.22055/jacm.2019.14804ENG.NarenderDepartment of Humanities and Sciences (Mathematics), CVR College of Engineering, Hyderabad-501510, Telangana State, India0000-0003-1537-3793K.GovardhanDepartment of Mathematics, GITAM University, Hyderabad-502329, Telangana State, India000-0002-6707-3162G.Sreedhar SarmaDepartment of Humanities and Sciences (Mathematics), CVR College of Engineering, Hyderabad-501510, Telangana State, India0000-0003-0621-415xJournal Article20190808The effects of viscous dissipation, chemical reaction and activation energy on the two-dimensional hydromagnetic convective heat and mass transfer flow of a Casson nanofluid fluid over a stretching sheet with thermal radiation, have been discussed in detail. The formulated highly nonlinear equations for the above-mentioned flow are converted into first-order ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The shooting method along with Adams-Bash forth Moulton method is used to solve the BVP by using the Fortran language program. The numerical results are computed by choosing different values of the involved physical parameters and compared with earlier published results and excellent validation of the present numerical results has been achieved for local Nusselt number and local Sherwood number. The graphical numerical results of different physical quantities of interest are presented to analyze their dynamics under the varying physical quantities. From the results, it has been remarked that the heat transfer rate escalates for the large values of radiation parameter, viscous dissipation for the Casson nanofluid.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_14804_42f52b2e905172e9e7ff01b23d11d05d.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Improvement of Numerical Manifold Method using Nine-node Quadrilateral and Ten-node Triangular Elements along with Complex Fourier RBFs in Modeling Free and Forced Vibrations204920631548410.22055/jacm.2020.32423.2027ENMohammadMalekzadehCivil Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Pajoohesh Square, Kerman, P. O. Box 76169-133, Iran0000-0001-5901-0869SalehHamzehei-JavaranCivil Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Pajoohesh Square, Kerman, P. O. Box 76169-133, Iran0000-0002-7341-4314SaeedShojaeeCivil Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Pajoohesh Square, Kerman, P. O. Box 76169-133, Iran0000-0003-0952-9085Journal Article20200202In this paper, the numerical manifold method (NMM) with a 9-node quadrilateral element and a 10-node triangular element is developed. Furthermore, complex Fourier shape functions are used to improve the 9-node quadrilateral NMM. Also, the two approaches of higher-order NMM construction are compared, increasing the order of weight functions or local approximation ones; for this purpose, six-node triangular and three-node triangular using second-order and third-order NMM is used. For validation of the suggested method, one free vibration and two forced vibration numerical examples are assessed. The results show that the proposed methods are more accurate than conventional NMM. In addition, the superiority of complex Fourier shape functions compared to classical Lagrange ones in improving accuracy is perceived.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15484_8af6478bef905d94cb58f05766f37c75.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Investigation of Nanoﬂuid Natural Convection Heat Transfer in Open Ended L-shaped Cavities utilizing LBM206420831562010.22055/jacm.2020.33495.2235ENHasanMohammadifarDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, P.O. Box 76175-133, Iran0000-0003-0704-9395HasanSajjadiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, P.C. 945 3155111, Iran0000-0002-0681-7682MohammadiRahnamaDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, P.O. Box 76175-133, Iran0000-0003-3569-8704SaeedJafariDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, P.O. Box 76175-133, IranYanWangDepartment of Aerodynamics, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China0000-0002-4352-1450Journal Article20200505In this paper, laminar natural convection of copper/water nanofluid in an open-ended L-shaped cavity is investigated by Lattice Boltzmann Model (LBM). The results are compared by previous studies that are in good agreement. Influences of Rayleigh number (Ra = 10<sup>3</sup>, 10<sup>4</sup>, 10<sup>5</sup>, 10<sup>6</sup>), cavity aspect ratio (AR = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6) and volume concentration of Cu nanoparticles (0 ≤ Φ ≤ 0.1) on the momentum, thermal ﬁelds and heat transfer in the enclosure are studied. Also, the effect of changing the boundary conditions, on the heat transfer rate has been investigated. It is observed that maximum heat transfer enhancement by adding the nanoparticles for Ra = 10<sup>6</sup> with AR = 0.4 (32.76%) occurs. Results illustrate that increasing the cavity aspect ratio decreases heat transfer rate for Ra = 10<sup>3</sup> and Ra = 10<sup>4</sup>. The least and most heat transfer rate for Ra = 10<sup>5</sup> occurs in enclosures by aspect ratios of 0.2 and 0.4 respectively, while it was observed at Ra = 10<sup>6</sup> for minimum and maximum rate of heat transfer the opposite behavior that at Ra = 10<sup>5</sup> occurs.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_15620_a20754c609932e2c75cf10fd9b4ee81c.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Frequency Separation in Architected Structures using Inverse Methods208420951692510.22055/jacm.2021.37807.3093ENDaniel J.InmanDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA0000-0001-6195-1334AishwaryaGunasekarDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA0000-0003-3384-3269Journal Article20210622A major goal in the design of architected structures for low frequency vibration applications (also called mechanical metamaterials, metastructures, elastic metamaterials, auxetic structures) is the creation of regions in the frequency domain where vibration amplitudes are minimal, regardless of the source of excitation. The idea is to provide vibration suppression in manmade structures. The proposed effort is to examine approaches to produce straightforward methods of designing a given mechanical metamaterial to have a specified gap in the frequency spectrum by adjusting its local mass and stiffness values of the individual cells. Previous work in mechanical metamaterial design has focused on using optimization procedures concerned with global vibration suppression. Here our efforts are focused on frequency separation using two direct approaches by interpreting techniques from the areas of model updating and inverse eigenvalue solutions. Rather than examining the overall suppression of vibration, creating specific bandgaps eliminates the possibility of resonance occurring in a given range of excitation frequencies. https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16925_14997565b08a6523efa541f94bf2f028.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Heat Transfer Enhancement and Boundary Layer Separations for a Hybrid Nanofluid Flow past an Isothermal Cylinder209621121694910.22055/jacm.2021.37795.3087ENNepal ChandraRoyDepartment of Mathematics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh0000-0002-5623-9614AyshaAkterDepartment of Mathematics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh0000-0002-5853-3593Journal Article20210621Unsteady magnetohydrodynamic mixed convection flow of an incompressible hybrid nanofluid (Cu-Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>/water) past an isothermal cylinder with thermal radiation effect has been studied. Appropriate non-dimensional variables are initiated to reduce the governing equations into a convenient form. By utilizing the procedure of finite difference, reduced equations are then solved for all time. Besides, series solutions are obtained using perturbation technique for short time and asymptotic method for long time which agree with the acquired numerical solution up to a good accuracy. When the mixed convection parameter <em>Ri</em>, radiation conduction parameter <em>R<sub>d</sub></em>, magnetic field parameter <em>M</em> and the volume fractions of nanoparticles <em>ϕ</em><sub>1</sub> and <em>ϕ</em><sub>2</sub> are increased, the local skin friction coefficient and the local Nusselt number are found to increase. Results revealed that the hybrid nanofluid (Cu-Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>/water) enhances the heat transfer about 28.28% in comparison to the Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-water nanofluid and about 51.15% than the pure fluid. Contrary to this, the heat transfer of hybrid nanofluid is augmented about 41.76% than the Cu-water nanofluid and 71.41% than the base fluid. The streamlines and isotherms reveal that higher values of <em>Ri</em>, <em>M</em> and <em>R<sub>d</sub></em> delay the boundary layer separation and accordingly shrink the vortices. Moreover, the thermal boundary layer is thickened for the increment of aforesaid quantities. The surface temperature parameter augments the local skin friction coefficient, however, the reverse characteristic is observed for the local Nusselt number.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16949_a9a06ad5726852c728a22976f828b484.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Natural Magneto-velocity Coordinate System for Satellite Attitude Stabilization: The Concept and Kinematic Analysis211321191695110.22055/jacm.2021.37817.3094ENAlexey A.TikhonovDepartment of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Saint Petersburg State University, 7-9 Universitetskaya nab., Saint Petersburg, 199034, RussiaDepartment of Mechanics, Saint Petersburg Mining University, 2, 21st Line, St. Petersburg, 199106, Russia0000-0003-0838-5876Journal Article20210624An artificial Earth satellite with an electric charge and an intrinsic magnetic moment is considered. Due to the geomagnetic field, the satellite experiences the influence of the Lorentz and magnetic torques. To set the angular position of the satellite, we introduce natural coordinate system associated with the directions of geomagnetic induction vector and Lorentz force vector which is orthogonal both to the geomagnetic induction and relative velocity of the satellite. It is shown that such a natural magneto-velocity coordinate system is convenient for attitude stabilization of a satellite operating in the mode of scanning the Earth's surface. The properties of the trajectory of the satellite axis on the Earth's surface are analysed. The rotation tensor connecting the natural magneto-velocity and the orbital coordinate systems is obtained. The angular velocity of the natural magneto-velocity trihedron is found. Kinematic differential equations for the unit vectors of the natural magneto-velocity coordinate system are derived.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16951_36b0365f0475d726975eaf21cccb3d61.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Effect of the Gravity and Magnetic Field to Find Regular Precessions of a Satellite-gyrostat with Principal Axes on a Circular Orbit212021281695510.22055/jacm.2021.37913.3113ENH.M.YehiaDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, EgyptH.N.El-kenaniDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, EgyptJournal Article20210708We consider the motion of a magnetized satellite-gyrostat in a circular orbit due to the combined influence of uniform gravity and magnetic fields. Based on the Lagrangian equations, the necessary conditions for the existence of regular precessions are determined in which the axis of precession is perpendicular to the orbital plane. All possible regular precessions and permanent rotations are determined and classified. We show the usage of Lagrange equations taking Eulerian angles as generalized coordinates for determining the regular precessions is more effective and accurate than utilization of Euler-Poisson equations.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16955_a07efee6cd00cc823212fa8e91dc134d.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001WaveMIMO Methodology: Numerical Wave Generation of a Realistic Sea State212921481696910.22055/jacm.2021.37617.3051ENBianca NevesMachadoFederal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Interdisciplinary Department, 030 Highway, km 92, Tramandaí, 95590-000, Brazil0000-0002-2573-2895Phelype HaronOleinikFederal University of Rio Grande (FURG), School of Engineering, km 8 Itália Avenue, Rio Grande, 96201-900, Brazil0000-0002-4290-9971Eduardo De PaulaKirinusFederal University of Paraná (IFPR), Center for Marine Studies, Beira-Mar Avenue, Pontal do Paraná, 83255-976, Brazil0000-0003-4754-5537ElizaldoDomingues Dos SantosFederal University of Rio Grande (FURG), School of Engineering, km 8 Itália Avenue, Rio Grande, 96201-900, Brazil0000-0003-4566-2350Luiz Alberto OliveiraRochaUniversity of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS), Polytechnic School, 950 Unisinos Avenue, São Leopoldo, 93022-750, Brazil0000-0003-2409-3152Mateus Das NevesGomesFederal Institute of Paraná (IFPR), Campus Paranaguá, 453 Antonio Carlos Rodrigues Street, Paranaguá, 83215-750, Brazil0000-0002-3277-2553José Manuel PaixãoCondeNOVA University of Lisbon (UNL), NOVA School of Science and Technology, Lisbon, 1099-085, Portugal0000-0003-4101-7442Liércio AndréIsoldiFederal University of Rio Grande (FURG), School of Engineering, km 8 Itália Avenue, Rio Grande, 96201-900, Brazil0000-0002-9337-3169Journal Article20210602This paper presents a methodology that allows the numerical simulation of realistic sea waves, called WaveMIMO methodology, which is based on the imposition of transient discrete data as prescribed velocity on a finite volume computational model developed in Fluent software. These transient data are obtained by using the spectral wave model TOMAWAC, where the wave spectrum is converted into a series of free surface elevations treated and processed as wave propagation velocities in the horizontal (<em>x</em>) and vertical (<em>z</em>) directions. The processed discrete transient data of wave propagation velocity are imposed as boundary conditions of a wave channel in Fluent, allowing the numerical simulation of irregular waves with realistic characteristics. From a case study that reproduces the sea state occurring on March 31st, 2014, in Ingleses Beach, in the city of Florianópolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, it was concluded that the WaveMIMO methodology can properly reproduce realistic conditions of a sea state. In sequence, the proposed methodology was employed to numerically simulate the incidence of irregular realistic waves over an oscillating water column (OWC) wave energy converter (WEC). From these results, the WaveMIMO methodology has proved to be a promising technique to numerically analyze the fluid-dynamic behavior of WECs subjected to irregular waves of realistic sea state on any coastal region where the device can be installed.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16969_8d7d54f04378f55de80afb16945c60c9.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Size Effect on Inclined Cracking in Unidirectional Composites214921581699210.22055/jacm.2020.33481.2234ENAhmet AbdullahDönmezDepartment of Civil Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul, 34469, Turkey0000-0002-2448-7090Journal Article20200503The fracture and size effect properties of the unidirectional (UD) laminae were investigated based on the fracture energy analysis. The crack propagations on inclined fiber orientation may result in different energy release mechanisms. Therefore, the size effect behavior of these types of failures may vary according to the fracture parameters of the UD composites. This study aims to develop a fracture analysis of UD plies with inclined fibers relative to the loading axis. A numerical work with a developed material model was conducted to predict the size effect trends. The size effect law was used to fit the strength reduction with increasing size. The fundamentals of the quasibrittle fracture mechanics are shown to be applicable to analyze these types of structures. It is shown that the composite structures as quasibrittle materials, can exhibit a significant size effect.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16992_201b739c17fab830ec54063851278259.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Body of Optimal Parameters in the Weighted Finite Element Method for the Crack Problem215921701702010.22055/jacm.2021.38041.3142ENViktor A.RukavishnikovComputing Center of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kim Yu Chen St., 65, Khabarovsk, 680000, Russia0000-0002-3702-1126Journal Article20210723In this paper, a high-accuracy weighted finite element method is constructed and investigated for finding an approximate solution of the crack problem. We consider an approximation of the Lamé system in the domain with the reentrant corner 2π at the boundary. A new concept of definition of the solution of the problem is introduced. It allows us to suppress the influence of the singularity on the accuracy of finding an approximate solution, in contrast to the classical approach. We have introduced a weight function into the basis of the finite element method. The accuracy of finding an approximate solution by the weighted finite element method depends on three input parameters. We created an algorithm and establish the body of optimal parameters in the weighted finite element method for the crack problem. The choice of parameters from this set allows us to accurately and stability find an approximate solution with the smallest deviation from the best error. This is required to generate industrial codes.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_17020_e1df30242c6d8c3707a523a98d74ee9e.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Design of Doubly Salient Permanent Magnet Generator for Output Power Enhancement using Structural Modification217121781706610.22055/jacm.2021.37952.3131ENPattasadSeangwongDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand0000-0003-1756-6724ApiratSiritaratiwatDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand0000-0001-6568-4675WaratSriwannaratDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Kasetsart University, Chalermphakiet Sakon Nakhon Campus, Sakon Nakhon, 47000, Thailand0000-0002-6411-0597NuwanthaFernandoSchool of Engineering, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT), Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia0000-0003-1047-2936PiratKhunkittiDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand0000-0002-4331-0688Journal Article20210719The doubly salient permanent magnet generator (DSPMG) is widely known as an efficient machine for electrical production from renewable energy. In this paper, we aim to improve the output power of the DSPMG using a structural modification, which is targeted for low-speed electrical generations. Structural parameters including the stator pole depth, thickness of permanent magnet, stator pole arc, and number of winding turns were adjusted, then an optimal value of those parameters was selected based on the characteristics of the generator tested during no-load and on-load conditions. Simulations were based on the finite element method. The generator was targeted to be used for the rated power of 200 W. It was found that the optimally designed generator had a higher electromotive force of 36.1%, a lower cogging torque of 20%, and a higher output power of 12.2% than the conventional structure. The leakage flux of the proposed structure was also improved from the conventional one. Thus, the generator designed in this work could be another capable choice for electrical generation from renewable energy. The proposedly modified technique can also be adapted for output profile improvement of the doubly salient permanent magnet machines which are extensively used for renewable energy production nowadays.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_17066_a3c94062e6220a8aacc8873a66955d9b.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001A New Solution for the Classical Problem of a Rigid Body Motion in a Liquid217921841707410.22055/jacm.2021.38552.3245ENH.M.YehiaDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, EgyptS.F.MegahidDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, EgyptJournal Article20210913We consider the problem of the motion of a rigid body-gyrostat immersed in an incompressible ideal fluid. Based on Yehia's study [1, 2], the equations of the motion of the problem are introduced and they are reduced to the orbital equation. This reduced equation may be used to study the stability of certain motions of the body [3] and to obtain solutions for the classical problems in rigid body dynamics [4]. Using the orbital equation, a single new solution of the considered problem is obtained in which the angle between the body axis of symmetry and the vertical axis is constant.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_17074_39e5063fa3a8bdde58c8cd6af33e9e97.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Simulation of Hydraulic Fracture Propagation in Fractured Coal Seams with Continuum-discontinuum Elements218521951707810.22055/jacm.2021.37475.3022ENHaifengZhouCollege of Energy Engineering, Xian University of Science and Technology, Yata Road 58, Xian, 710054, ChinaShenhua Shendong Coal Group Corporation Ltd, Daliuta Town Shenmu County, Yulin, 719315, China0000-0002-8988-5727HuiGaoSchool of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Xiping Road 5340, Tianjin, 300401, China0000-0002-1964-2914ChunFengInstitute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Beishihuan Xi Lu, Haidian District, Beijing, 100190, China0000-0001-6592-144XZizhengSunSchool of Qilu Transportation, Shandong University, Jingshi Road 17923, Jinan, 250061, ChinaShenzhen Research Institute of Shandong University, No. 19, Gaoxin South 4th Road Nanshan District, Shenzhen Guangdong, China0000-0002-3874-6575Journal Article20210519Creating new fracture networks in coal seams with natural fractures through hydraulic fracturing techniques is an effective method for exploiting coal-bed methane. In this paper, a continuum-discontinuum element method (CDEM) is developed for simulating and assessing hydraulic fracture propagation in coal seams. An elastic-damage-fracture model is proposed for capturing the deformation and cracking processes of fractured coal. A stress-fracture percolation relation is implemented to simulate the hydro-mechanical coupling processes. The influence of X-direction angles, mechanical strengths, distances and lengths of natural fractures are analyzed in detail. The results are potentially useful to optimize the fracturing design.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_17078_602b21579635fa616c3e0ffbbffce603.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Analysis of Axisymmetric Vibration of Functionally-Graded Circular Nano-Plate Based on the Integral Form of the Strain Gradient Model219622201693010.22055/jacm.2021.37461.3021ENMortazaPourabdyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran0000-0002-7211-6585MohammadShishesazDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran0000-0002-1892-1946ShahramShahrooiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran0000-0003-3367-6712S. AlirezaS. RoknizadehDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran0000-0002-6731-7956Journal Article20210518In this paper, it is aimed to analyze the linear vibrational behavior of functionally-graded (FG) size-dependent circular nano-plates using the integral form of the non-local strain gradient (NSG) model. The linear axisymmetric vibration of the circular FG nano-plates based on the non-local strain gradient (NSG) model is the focal point of this study. In this regard, the non-local elasticity theory (NET) and strain gradient (SG) models are used in conjunction with Hamilton's principle to obtain the governing equations. Discretization of the obtained governing equations is performed with the help of generalized differential quadrature rule (GDQR) and Galerkin weighted residual method (GWRM). The analysis is focused on the effect of non-local and material parameters, as well as the aspect ratio, heterogeneity index of FG material, different boundary conditions, and frequency number on the overall behavior of nano-plate. On using the Galerkin method, a system of linear differential equations is obtained and solved to determine the natural linear frequencies and mode shapes. The obtained results are then compared with the existing results in the literature. On using the proposed procedure in this paper, the dynamic behavior of nano-plate under different boundary conditions can be well described. In addition, the existing deficiencies in other non-local theories can be eliminated. The results of this investigation can be considered as a turning point in the improvement of theoretical results for achieving a better prediction of vibrational behavior in nanostructures.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16930_045426835b8b0751ca619faf83c75dfc.pdfShahid Chamran University of AhvazJournal of Applied and Computational Mechanics2383-45367420211001Turbulent energy cascade through equivalence of Euler and Lagrange motion descriptions and bifurcation rates222122371699110.22055/jacm.2021.38082.3149ENNicolaDe Divitiis"La Sapienza" University, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e Aerospaziale, Via Eudossiana, 18, 00184 Rome, Italy0000-0002-9788-6113Journal Article20210726This work analyses the homogeneous isotropic turbulence by means of the equivalence between Euler and Lagrange representations of motion, adopting the bifurcation rates associated with Navier-Stokes and kinematic equations, and an appropriate hypothesis of fully developed chaos. The equivalence of these motion descriptions allows to show that kinetic and thermal energy cascade arise both from the convective term of Liouville equation. Accordingly, these phenomena, of nondiffusive nature, correspond to a transport in physical space linked to the trajectories divergence. Both the bifurcation rates are properly defined, where the kinematic bifurcation rate is shown to be much greater than Navier-Stokes bifurcation rate. This justifies the proposed hypothesis of fully developed chaos where velocity field and particles trajectories fluctuations are statistically uncorrelated. Thereafter, a specific ergodic property is presented, which relates the statistics of fluid displacement to that of velocity and temperature fields. A detailed analysis of separation rate is proposed which studies the statistics of radial velocity component along the material separation vector. Based on previous elements, the closure formulas of von Karman-Howarth and Corrsin equations are finally achieved. These closures, of nondiffusive kind, represent a propagation phenomenon, and coincide with those just presented by the author in previous works, corroborating the results of these latter. This analysis applies also to any passive scalar which exhibits diffusivity.https://jacm.scu.ac.ir/article_16991_f61803dfd6ece3e103e3792a28e4722b.pdf