Thermal Behavior of Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Cells: A ‎Numerical and Experimental Investigation on the Module ‎Encapsulation Materials

Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Department of Industrial Engineering, Via Fontanelle 40, Forlì, Italy

2 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Department of Electrical, Energy and Information Engineering "Guglielmo Marconi",‎ Viale del Risorgimento 2, Bologna

3 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics, Schloßpl. 19, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany


This research outlines the numerical predictions of the heat distribution in solar cells, accompanied by their empirical validation. Finite element thermal models of five laminated silicon solar photovoltaic cells were firstly established using a simulation software (ANSYS®). The flexible laminated solar cells under study are made of a highly transparent frontsheet, a silicon cell between two encapsulants, and a backsheet. Different combinations of layers (i.e., materials and thicknesses) were taken into account in order to analyze their effect on thermal behavior. Thermal properties of materials were derived in accordance with the literature. Similarly, boundary conditions, loads, and heat losses by reflection and convection were also specified. The solar cells were tested using solar lamps under standard conditions (irradiance: 1000W/m2; room-temperature: 25°C) with real-time temperatures measured by a thermal imager. This analysis offers an interpretation of how temperature evolves through the solar cell and, consequently, how the design choice can influence the cells’ efficiency.


Main Subjects

Publisher’s Note Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

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