Computation of Slip analysis to detect adhesion for protection of rail vehicle and derailment

Document Type : Research Paper


Directorate of Post-graduate Studies, Mehran University of Engg;&Tech; Jamshoro (Pakistan)


Adhesion level for the proper running of rail wheelset on track has remained a significant problem for researchers in detecting slippage to avoid accidents. In this paper, the slippage of rail wheels has been observed applying forward and lateral motions to slip velocity and torsion motion. The longitudinal and lateral forces behavior is watched with respect to traction force to note correlation based on the angle of attack. The deriving torque relation with tractive torque is watched to check slippage. Coulomb’s law is applied in terms of tangential forces to normal forces owing to creep co-efficient and friction to get the adhesion. Nadal’s limiting ratio is applied to escape from wheel climb and derailment from track depending upon wheel profile and flange on straight path and curves.


Main Subjects

[1] Kung, C., Kim, H., Kim, M. & Goo, B., “Simulations on Creep Forces Acting on the Wheel of a Rolling Stock.” International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems, Seoul, Korea. Oct. 14 – 17, 2008.
[2] Hwang, D., Kim, M., Park, D., Kim, Y. & Kim, D. “Re-adhesion Control for High- Speed Electric Railway with Parallel Motor Control System.” Proceedings of 5th International Conference, ISIE, IEEE International Symposium,  Vol. 2, pp. 1024 – 1029, 2001.
[3] Hwang, D., Kim, M., Park, D., Kim, Y. & Lee, J. “Hybrid Re-adhesion Control Method for Traction System of High-Speed Railway.” Proceedings of 5th International Conference, ISIE, IEEE International Symposium, Vol. 2, pp. 739 – 742 Aug. 2001.
[4] Watanabe, T. & Yamashita, M. “Basic Study of Anti-slip Control without Speed Sensor for Multiple Drive of Electric Railway Vehicles.” Proceedings of Power Conversion Conference, Osaka, IEEE, Vol. 3, pp. 1026 – 1032, 2002.
[5] Mei, T., Yu, J. & Wilson, D. “A Mechatronic Approach for Effective Wheel Slip Control in Railway Traction.” Proceedings of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers, Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, Vol. 223, Part. F, pp. 295 – 304, 2009.
[6] Barbosa R.S., A 3D Contact Force Safety Criterion for Flange Climb Derailment of a Railway Wheel, Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 42, No. 5, pp. 289–300, 2004.
[7] Braghin F., Bruni S. and Diana G. (2006), Experimental and numerical investigation on the derailment of a railway wheelset with solid axle, Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 44, No. 4, , pp. 305–325. (2006)
[8] Chelli F., Corradi R., Diana G., Facchinetti A., Wheel–rail contact phenomena and derailment conditions in light urban vehicles. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference On Contact Mechanics and Wear of Rail/Wheel Systems. Gothenburg, Sweden, pp. 461-468, 10-13, 2003.
[9] Gilchrist A.O., Brickle B.V., A re-examination of the proneness to derailment of a railway wheelset, J. Mech. Eng. Sci., Vol. 18, pp. 131–141, 1976.
[10] Sawley K. and Wu H., The formation of hollow-worn wheels and their effect on wheel/rail interaction, Wear, Vol. 258, pp. 1179-1186, 2005.
[11] Kondo, K., Anti-slip control technologies for the railway vehicle traction," Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), IEEE, pp.1306,1311, 9-12 Oct. 2012
[12] Arias-Cuevas O., Low adhesion in the wheel–rail contact, Doctoral thesis, TUD, Delft, 2010 [1] E. Andersson and M. Berg. J¨arnv¨agssystem och sp°arfordon. KTH H¨ogskoletryckeri, Stockholm, Sweden, August 1999. In Swedish, (2010.
[13] Ishikawa, Y., Kawamurra, A., Maximum adhesive force control in super high speed train. IEEE, Proceedings of the Power Conversion Conference, Nagaoka, 2, pp. 951–954, August 1997.
[14] Takaoka, Y., Kawamura, A., Disturbance observer based adhesion control for shinkansen. IEEE, Proceedings, 6th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, pp. 169–174, 2000.
[15] S. Senini, F. Flinders, and W. Oghanna. Dynamic simulation of wheel-rail interaction for locomotive traction studies. Proceedings of the 1993 IEEE/ASME Joint Railroad Conference, pp. 27–34, April 1993.
[16] Nadal M. J., Locomotives a Vapeur, Collection Encyclopédie cientifique, Bibliothèque de Mécanique Applique´ et Génie, Paris, 1908.
[17] Dukkipati R.V., Vehicle Dynamics, Boca Raton: CRC Press,  ISBN 0-8493-0976-X (2000).
[18] International Heavy Haul Association: Guidelines to Best Practices for Heavy Haul Railway Operations: Wheel and Rail Interface Issues, First Edition May 2001
[19]. International Heavy Haul Association: Guidelines to Best Practices for Heavy Haul Railway Operations, 2009: Infrastructure, Construction and Maintenance Issues 13. John Tuna and Curtis Urban, TTCI, Pueblo, Colorado, USA; IHHA 2007 Specialist Technical Session, Kiruna., 2009.