Flow and Heat Transfer Analysis of the Sodium Alginate Conveying Copper Nanoparticles between Two Parallel Plates

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Mechanical Engineering Department; University of Lagos, Akoka-Yaba, 100001, Nigeria

2 Mechanical Engineering Department; University of Benin, Benin City, 300271, Nigeria


In this study, the steady incompressible flow of a non-Newtonian sodium alginate (SA) fluid conveying copper nanoparticles (Cu) which flow within two vertical parallel plates is investigated by using the homotopy perturbation analytical scheme to solve the coupled nonlinear ordinary equations arising from the mechanics of the fluid. The developed analytical solutions are used to investigate the effect of the fluid flow and heat transfer parameters such as the nanoparticle concentration, the non-Newtonian parameter and the viscosity variation parameter. The obtained analytical results as compared to existing works in literature are in satisfactory agreements. Moreover, the results obtained from the present study can be used for further analysis of the behavior of the sodium alginate in applications such as food processing and chemical and pharmaceutical industries.


Main Subjects

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