Thermal Analysis of Radiating Film Flow of Sodium Alginate ‎using MWCNT Nanoparticles ‎

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Lagos, Akoka-Yaba, Nigeria

2 Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Babol University of Technology, Babol, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Nigeria‎


Heat transfer of fluids plays an important role in process flows, as this has significant impacts in process configurations, energy pricing and utilization. Therefore, this paper, the heat and mass transfer of a radiating non-Newtonian Sodium alginate transported through parallel squeezing plates is examined. The radiating-squeezing fluid flows through the parallel plates arranged vertically against each other with multi walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) particles. Transport mechanics and thermal conditions of the Sodium alginate is studied using systems of coupled nonlinear models. This higher order, governing ordinary differential models are used to analyze the thermal and mass transfer of the nanofluid using the adomian decomposition method. Results obtained from analytical study displayed graphically are used to investigate effect of thermal radiation on film flow of MWCNT nanoparticles on the Sodium alginate. As revealed from result, concentration increase of MWCNT nanoparticles increases thermal profile significantly. This can be physically explained owing to increasing concentration, increases thickness of thermal boundary due to conductivity enhancement of fluid. Improved thermal diffusivity drops thermal gradient which reduces heat transfer. Whereas, radiation effect on fluid transport shows decrease in heat transfer as thermal conductivity becomes lower than temperature gradient of the flow. Obtained analysis when compared against other methods of solution (numerical and approximate analytical) proves satisfactory. Therefore, the results obtained from the work provides a good basis for the application and improvement of the Sodium alginate in medical, pharmaceutical and manufacturing industries among other practical application.


Main Subjects

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